The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), based in Copenhagen, is an independent body founded in 1902 to conduct and coordinate research into the marine ecosystems of the North Atlantic.
ICES provides advice to a number of governments and regional fisheries management organisations, including the EU.
This authority to produce advice, ICES has delegated to its Advisory Committee (ACOM). According to the statutes, ACOM is also to provide input to the science strategic discussions on advisory research needs.
The committee has one member of high scientific competence from each member country, under the direction of an independent chair appointed by the ICES Council.